Food logistics is the physical flow of beverage products from the place of supply to the location of receiving. There is serious waste in the food delivery process, and logistics accounts for a large proportion of food costs. Unprofessional logistics personnel have insufficient knowledge of food logistics theory research and supply chain management, which is the main reason for the high retail prices of some Food & Beverage. In order to let you have a deeper understanding of food logistics and save transportation costs, this article will specifically introduce the features and transportation methods of food transportation
Features of food logistics
To ensure the nutritional content and food safety of food, food logistics requires a high degree of cleanliness and hygiene, and at the same time has high requirements for logistics equipment and staff. Since food has a specific shelf life and shelf life, food logistics has strict standards for product delivery time, that is, lead time.
There are four shipping methods of logistics transportation in the fresh food industry, road transportation, railway transportation, sea freight, and air freight. Food companies provide consumers with fresh food products from various places through these four logistics transportation methods. These four logistics transportation methods also have their characteristics. When choosing a logistics transportation method, it is necessary to combine the features of the fresh food product itself and the company's cost to make the most suitable choice.
Road transportation is one of the most commonly used transportation methods in the fresh food industry. Road transportation also has certain shortcomings, such as safe transport and timeliness. But it also has many advantages. 1. Integrated all-around service: Road transportation can realize a "door-to-door" one-stop service, can reach the destination quickly and on time, can save many intermediate links, save costs, and reduce the cost of fresh food during transportation. This method of transport can not only improve efficiency but also ensure the safety of goods. 2. Broader network coverage: Compared with railway transportation and air transportation, highway network coverage is wide, which provides large quantifiable conditions for "door-to-door" services and can also transmit information on time. 3. Strong maneuverability: road transportation is highly controllable, less affected by uncontrollable weather factors, and strong maneuverability. 4. Low price: The price of road transportation is much lower than that of air transportation, the investment is relatively small, the return is fast, and the technical threshold is relatively low, which is conducive to cost-saving.
Railway transportation mainly uses trains as the main delivery destination. Fresh food is transported by railway transportation. The biggest problem with railway transportation is its poor mobility. The advantage of railway transportation is that 1. It has a relatively strong accuracy and continuity, and it can hardly be affected by climatic factors. 2. The transportation speed is relatively fast, the transportation volume is comparatively large, and a lot of fresh food can be transported at one time. 3. The cost of railway transportation is low, transport is safe and reliable, and the risk is small.
The disadvantage of air transportation is that the transportation volume is small and the transportation cost is high, so it is generally suitable for short shelf life or frozen food. The main advantages of air transportation are as follows: 1. The speed is fast. 2. The safety of air transportation is high, which can ensure the safety of fresh goods. 3. The procedures are relatively simple.
Sea freight is mainly in the form of transporting fresh goods through waterways with ships as vehicles. Its biggest shortcoming is that the sea transportation speed is relatively slow, and the timeliness of fresh food is relatively short, so the transportation risk is relatively high.
As a practitioner of the Belt and Road Initiative and multimodal transport operator, Neptune Logistics has operated many intermodal transport projects with a professional team and rich experience, providing you with quality distribution service, affordable prices, and solving related logistics problems. If you want more details about food logistics services, feel free to contact us!